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Barratt, C. D., et al. (2021). Quantitative estimates of glacial refugia for chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) since the Last Interglacial (120,000 BP). American Journal of Primatology, 83(10): e23320.

Bründl, A. C., Tkaczynski, P. J., Kohou, G., Boesch, C., Wittig, R. M., & Crockford, C. (2021). Systematic mapping of developmental milestones in wild chimpanzees. Developmental Science, 24(1): e12988.

Bueno de Mesquita, C. P., et al.  (2021). Structure of chimpanzee gut microbiomes across tropical Africa. mSystems, 6(3): e01269-20.

Colchero, F., et al. (2021). The long lives of primates and the ‘invariant rate of ageing’ hypothesis. Nature Communications, 12: 3666.

Surbeck, M., Girard-Buttoz, C., Samuni, L., Boesch, C., Fruth, B., Crockford, C., Wittig, R. M., & Hohmann, G. (2021). Attractiveness of female sexual signaling predicts differences in female grouping patterns between bonobos and chimpanzees. Communications Biology, 4: 1119.

Lowry, B. E., Wittig, R. M., Pittermann, J., & Oelze, V. M. (2021). Stratigraphy of stable isotope ratios and leaf structure within an African rainforest canopy with implications for primate isotope ecology. Scientific Reports, 11: 14222.

Kopp, K. S., Ebel, S. J., Wittig, R. M., Haun, D. B. M., & Crockford, C. (2021). Small mirrors do the trick: A simple, but effective method to study mirror self-recognition in chimpanzees. Animal Behavior and Cognition, 8(3), 391-404.

Fedurek, P., Tkaczynski, P. J., Hobaiter, C., Zuberbühler, K., Wittig, R. M., & Crockford, C. (2021). The function of chimpanzee greeting calls is modulated by their acoustic variation. Animal Behaviour, 174, 279-289.

Fontsere, C., et al. (2021). Maximizing the acquisition of unique reads in noninvasive capture sequencing experiments. Molecular Ecology Resources, 21(3): 13300, pp. 745-761.

Girard-Buttoz, C., Tkaczynski, P. J., Samuni, L., Fedurekt, P., Gomes, C. M., Löhrich, T., Manin, V., Preis, A., Valé, P. D., Deschner, T., Wittig, R. M., & Crockford, C. (2021). Early maternal loss leads to short but not long-term effects on diurnal cortisol slopes in wild chimpanzees. eLife, 10: e64134.

Hockings, K., et al. (2021). Leprosy in wild chimpanzees. Nature, 598, 652-656.

Lester, J. D., et al. (2021). Recent genetic connectivity and clinal variation in chimpanzees. Communications Biology, 4: 283.

McCarthy, M. S., et al. (2021). Chimpanzee identification and social network construction through an online citizen science platform. Ecology and Evolution.

Mielke, A., Preis, A., Samuni, L., Gogarten, J. F., Lester, J. D., Crockford, C., & Wittig, R. M. (2021). Consistency of social interactions in sooty mangabeys and chimpanzees. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 8: 603677.


Power, R. C., Wittig, R. M., Stone, J. R., Kupczik, K., & Schulz-Kornas, E. (2021). The representativeness of the dental calculus dietary record: insights from Taï chimpanzee faecal phytoliths. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 13: 104.

Samuni, L., Crockford, C. ǂ., & Wittig, R. M. (2021). Group-level cooperation in chimpanzees is shaped by strong social ties. Nature Communications, 12: 539.

Stuhlträger, J., Schulz-Kornas, E., Kullmer, O., Janocha, M. M., Wittig, R. M., & Kupczik, K. (2021). Dental wear patterns reveal dietary ecology and season of death in a historical chimpanzee population. PLoS One, 16(5): e0251309.

Valé, P. D., Béné, J.-C.-K., N’Guessan, A. K., Crockford, C., Deschner, T., Koné, I., Girard-Buttoz, C., & Wittig, R. M. (2021). Energetic management in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 75: 1.

Wertheim, J. O., et al.  (2021). Discovery of novel herpes simplexviruses in wild gorillas, bonobos, and chimpanzees supports zoonotic origin of HSV-2. Molecular Biology and Evolution, msab072.

Wittig, R. M. (2021). Kulturen von Schimpansen - eine Spurensuche. In L. Giemsch, & M. N. Haidle (Eds.), Menschsein - Die Anfänge unserer Kultur (pp. 122-134). Nünnerich-Asmus Verlag.

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