Behringer, V., Preis, A., Wu, D., Crockford, C., Leendertz, S. A. J., Wittig, R. M., & Deschner, T. (2020). Urinary cortisol increases during a respiratory outbreak in wild chimpanzees. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 7: 485.

Crockford, C., Samuni, L., Vigilant, L., & Wittig, R. M. (2020). Postweaning maternal care increases male chimpanzee reproductive success. Science Advances, 6(38): eaaaz5746.

Eichner, C., Paquette, M., Mildner, T., Schlumm, T., Pleh, K., Crockford, C., Wittig, R. M., Möller, H. E., Friederici, A. D., & Anwender, A. (2020). lncreased sensitivity and signal-to-noise ratio in diffusion-weighted MRI using multi-echo acquisitions. NeuroImage, 221: 117172.

Fedurek, P., Tkaczynski, P., Asiimwe, C., Hobaiter, C., Samuni, L., Lowe, A. E., Dijrian, A. G., Zuberbühler, K., Wittig, R. M., & Crockford, C. (2020). Maternal cannibalism in two populations of wild chimpanzees. Primates, 61, 181-187.

Fröhlich, M., Müller, G., Zeiträg, C., Wittig, R. M., & Pika, S. (2020). Begging and social tolerance: Food solicitation tactics in young chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in the wild. Evolution and Human Behavior, 41(2), 126-135.

Gillespie, T. R., Leendertz, F. H., The Great Ape Health Consortium, including authors, Deschner, T., Robbins, M. M., Wittig, R. M., & & others (2020). COVID-19: protect great apes during human pandemics. Nature, 579, 497-497.

Girard-Buttoz, C., Surbeck, M., Samuni, L., Boesch, C., Fruth, B., Crockford, C., Hohmann, G., & Wittig, R. M. (2020). Variable use of polyadic grooming and its effect on access to social partners in wild chimpanzees and bonobos. Animal Behavior, 168, 211-224.

Girard-Buttoz, C., Surbeck, M., Samuni, L., Tkaczynski, P. J., Boesch, C., Fruth, B., Wittig, R. M., Hohmann, G., & Crockford, C. (2020). Information transfer efficiency differs in wild chimpanzees and bonobos, but not social cognition. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 287(1929): 20200877.

Gogarten, J. F., et al. (2020). Metabarcoding of eukaryotic parasite communities describes diverse parasite assemblages spanning the primate phylogeny. Molecular Ecology, 20(1), 204-215.

Kalan, A. K., et al. (2020). Environmental variability supports chimpanzee behavioural diversity. Nature Communications, 11(1): 4451.

Lemoine, S., Boesch, C., Preis, A., Samuni, L., Crockford, C. ǂ., & Wittig, R. M. (2020). Group dominance increases territory size and reduces neighbor pressure in wild chimpanzees. Royal Society Open Science, 7(5): 200577.

Lemoine, S., Preis, A., Samuni, L., Boesch, C., Crockford, C. ǂ., & Wittig, R. M. (2020). Between-group competition impacts reproductive success in wild chimpanzees. Current Biology, 30(2), 312-318.

Lester, J. D., et al. (2020). Chimpanzee biogeography inferred from genetic diversity and effective migration. Folia Primatologica, 91(3), 264-265.

Mielke, A., Crockford, C. ǂ., & Wittig, R. M. (2020). Predictability and variability of association patterns in sooty mangabeys. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 74: 46.

Mubemba, B., et al. (2020). Geographically structured genomic diversity of non-human primate-infecting Treponema pallidum subsp. pertenue. Microbial Genomics, 6(11).

Oelze, V. M., Wittig, R. M., Lemoine, S., Kühl, H. S., & Boesch, C. (2020). How isotopic signatures relate to meat consumption in wild chimpanzees: A critical reference study from Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire. Journal of Human Evolution, 146: 102817.

Patrono, L. V., Pléh, K., Samuni, L., Ulrich, M., Röthemeier, C., Sachse, A., Muschter, S., Nitsche, A., Couacy-Hymann, E., Boesch, C., Wittig, R. M., Calvignac-Spencer, S., & Leendertz, F. H. (2020). Monkeypox virus emergence in wild chimpanzees reveals distinct clinical outcomes and viral diversity. Nature Microbiology, 5, 955-965.

Riedel, J., Polansky, L., Wittig, R. M., & Boesch, C. (2020). Social rank overrides environmental and community fluctuations in determining meat access by female chimpanzees in the Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire. PeerJ, 8: e8283.

Samuni, L., Mielke, A., Preis, A., Crockford, C. ǂ., & Wittig, R. M. (2020). Intergroup competition enhances chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) in-group cohesion. International Journal of Primatology, 41, 342-362.


Samuni, L., Tkaczynski, P. J., Deschner, T., Löhrrich, T., Wittig, R. M., & Crockford, C. (2020). Maternal effects on offspring growth indicate post-weaning juvenile dependence in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus). Frontiers in Zoology, 17: 1.


Stuhlträger, J., Schulz-Kornas, E., Kullmer, O., Janocha, M., Wittig, R. M., & Kupczik, K. (2020). Motif and occlusal fingerprint analyses reveal sex-specific molar wear patterns in western chimpanzees. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 171(S69), 276-276.

Tkaczynski, P. J., Behringer, V., Ackermann, C., Fedrurek, P., Fruht, B., Girard-Buttoz, C., Hobaiter, C., Lee, S., Löhrich, T., Preis, A., Samuni, L., Zommers, Z., Zuberbühler, K., Deschner, T., Wittig, R. M., Hohmann, G., & Crockford, C. (2020). Patterns of urinary cortisol levels during ontogeny appear population- rather than species-specific in wild chimpanzees and bonobos. Journal of Human Evolution, 147: 102869.

Tkaczynski, P. J., Mielke, A., Samuni, L., Preis, A., Wittig, R. M., & Crockford, C. (2020). Long-term repeatability in social behaviour suggests stable social phenotypes in wild chimpanzees. Royal Society Open Science, 7(8): 200454.

Tkaczynski, P. J., Samuni, L., Sonnweber, R., Deschner, T., Vigilant, L., Löhrrich, T., Wittig, R. M., & Crockford, C. (2020). Mum’s the word: The lasting impacts of maternal loss on offspring survival, growth and reproductive success in wild chimpanzees. Folia Primatologica, 91(3), 276-277.

Wittig, R. M., Mielke, A., Lester, J. D., & Crockford, C. (2020). Endurance and flexibility of close social relationships: Comparing chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) and sooty mangabeys (Cercocebusatys atys). In L. M. Hopper, & S. R. Ross (Eds.), Chimpanzees in context: A comparative perspective on chimpanzee behavior, cognition, conservation, and welfare (pp. 115-136). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.